The Social Fund for Development (SFD) is a demand-driven organization that has taken an active role in targeting vulnerable groups and poor communities, particularly those located in remote rural areas.


Targeting and Distribution of Allocations:
SFD targeting policies rely on poverty-related indicators provided by the 2004 Census and 2005-06 Household Budget Survey, as well as on qualitative tools that further identify the most impoverished areas and most needy communities. The SFD uses three key strategies for targeting and allocating resources: geographic, program and social.

Geographic Targeting
A portion of the SFD Phase IV (2011-15) resources has been allocated on the basis of need at the governorate and district levels. Needy areas have
been identified based on the number of poor residents, as well as the availability of services and quality of living conditions in the areas.

Program Targeting
The SFD also targets its efforts in order to help bridge gaps in specific sectors, such as girls’ enrollment in basic education in areas with low female enrollment, or the protection and maintenance of agricultural terraces that have been exposed to erosion and flooding. The SFD also contributes to preserving cultural heritage monuments, creating job opportunities for laborers skilled in traditional crafts. The Small and Microfinance and capacitybuilding programs are also included in this type of targeting.

Social Targeting
The SFD plays a proactive role in targeting vulnerable groups. This includes groups with special needs, such as persons with disabilities and at-risk women and children; and the most underprivileged and socially marginalized groups, including male and female prisoners..

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